Surgery for loose teeth

Tooth loss is an abnormal loss of one or more of the permanent teeth. It does not include loss of primary or milk teeth in children. Missing teeth can affect the functions of the mouth such as chewing or talking. It also affects the aesthetic appearance, thereby, lowering the self-esteem of the person

Causes

There are several causes for tooth loss which include:

  • Gum disease is the primary cause for loose teeth and tooth loss. Usually, a gum disease is painless and thus it is difficult to diagnose. Initial symptoms of gum disease include swelling and redness of the gums, bleeding with brushing and soreness.
  • Poor oral hygiene such as lack of regular brushing and flossing of teeth can lead to tooth decay. Over a period, this produces cavities (holes) that weaken the roots of the teeth and cause them to fall off.
  • Tooth loss may also occur with excess sugar intake in the diet which leads to tooth decay or weaken the enamel coating on the tooth. Certain acidic foods such as pickles, citrus fruits, orange juice, etc. can lead to the erosion of the teeth.
  • Use of certain drugs such as cocaine or methamphetamine can trigger the release of acids in the body which can affect the teeth and cause tooth loss. Certain medicines used for blood pressure management or certain chemotherapeutic medicines can also affect the oral health and cause tooth loss.
  • Presence of gaps between the teeth causes food to get stuck in the gap and thereby, promote tooth decay or gum disease.
  • Tooth loss can also occur with an injury of the tooth due to accidental falls or while playing sports.

Treatment

Replacement of the missing teeth is possible with the following treatment procedures:

  • Use of partial dentures
  • Bridging the gaps between the tooth by using false teeth
  • Use of dental implants especially after the extraction of the damaged teeth

In children, space maintainers may be recommended to help in the uniform placing of the upcoming teeth.